Cotopaxi (volcano)

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    <br><br>Cotopaxi (Spanish. Cotopaxi) – the second highest peak in Ecuador (after Chimborazo) and the highest active volcano in the country (5911 m). Cotopaxi is also one of the highest active volcanoes on the planet. Together with the peaks of Chimborazo, Huascaran and Kilimanjaro, Cotopaxi is farther from the center of the Earth than Everest.<br><br>The volcano is one of the peaks of the western edge of the Cordillera Real ridge in South America. The dimensions of the crater are 550 × 800 m, the depth is 450 m.<br><br>Since 1738, Cotopaxi has erupted about 50 times. The penultimate eruption happened in 1877. On August 15, 2015, almost 140 years later, a new eruption began.<br>Toponym<br>In the Quechua language, the name of the volcano means „shining mountain” or, according to another version, „smoking mountain”.<br>StoryVolcano exploration history<br> Cotopaxi Cotopaxi . Painting by Frederick Edwin Church (1862)<br><br>For the first time, the German naturalist Alexander von Humboldt and the French botanist Aimé Bonpland tried to explore the volcano. In 1802 they in Quito and made an attempt to climb three volcanoes – Cotopaxi, Chimborazo and Pichinchu. They managed to conquer only the last one, and on Cotopaxi they climbed to a height of only 4500 m.<br><br>For the first time, the German geologist and Wilhelm Rice managed to climb the top of Cotopaxi on November 28, 1872. A year later, in 1873, the volcano was conquered by the German naturalist and volcanologist Moritz Alphonse Stubel.<br>Volcanic eruption history<br>Cotopaxi is one of the most active volcanoes in Ecuador. The first recorded eruption took place in 1534.<br><br>The largest eruptions were in 1532, 1742, 1768, 1864 and 1877; little activity remained until 1940.<br><br>The most destructive was the eruption of 1768. In early April, a giant column of steam and from the vent. On April 4, the volcano began erupting sulfur, lava and pyroclasts. An earthquake began, which completely destroyed the nearby city of Latacunga and the surrounding settlements. Later, the products of the eruption were found hundreds of kilometers from the location of the volcano – in the Amazon basin and on the Pacific coast.<br><br>After almost 140 years of sleep, on August 15, 2015, the volcano became active again: a violent eruption began.<br>

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